How to Exercise Safely


Exercising regularly is an important part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Regular cardiovascular exercise can help to promote weight loss as well as improve the health of your heart and lungs. Strength training improves bone density and can reduce your risk of injury during normal day to day activities. Exercising does come with some risks, however. Here are a few tips to help you stay safe and reduce your chances of injury during exercise.

Start Slowly

If you have a sedentary job and have not engaged in any regular exercise since you had P.E. lessons at school then it would not be a good idea to try to run a marathon or enter a gymnastics competition during the first few weeks of your new exercise regimen. Start gently and listen to your body. It’s normal to feel tired and a little achy after exercise, but if you experience serious pain during your workout then that is your body’s way of telling you to stop whatever it is you are doing.

You don’t have to rush out and buy expensive, high-tech clothing and equipment for your first few workouts, but it is important that you dress sensibly. Loose fitting tracksuit bottoms, a t-shirt and a decent pair of training shoes will do for most activities. If you find that you really enjoy your chosen sport you can invest in specialist gear later.

Consult Your Doctor

If you have an ongoing medical condition, speak to your doctor before you start exercising. You should also speak to your doctor if you experience chest pains or serious difficulty breathing during your training sessions.

Don’t Take Shortcuts

Always start your workouts with a gentle warm-up. A warm-up should consist of a few minutes of jogging, skipping or other light exercise, followed by some stretching. If you are lifting weights, start with a light weight (the empty bar is a good starting point). Get used to the movement and make sure that your form is perfect before you move up to heavier weights.

Start with a fairly short workout and increase the duration and intensity gradually as your fitness increases. Training for too long or pushing yourself too hard is likely to lead to serious injury. Take frequent, short breaks and sip on water throughout your workout. Pay careful attention to your hydration levels, especially when the weather is particularly warm or humid. Dehydration and heat exhaustion can strike suddenly and can be serious if not treated promptly.

Do not stop your workout abruptly. Spend a few minutes doing some low intensity cardio or light stretching to cool down.

Don’t Neglect Rest

In between workouts, try to get plenty of rest. When you are just starting to work out it is a good idea to give yourself at least 48 hours in between sessions to recover. You can increase the frequency of your workouts as you get more experienced.

Make sure that you are eating enough to sustain your current activity level and that you are getting plenty of sleep. Over-training whilst under-eating or getting too little sleep is likely to lead to injuries which would set your progress back a long way.

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